Census records are treasures to genealogists because they are snapshots in time – not only of individuals but of entire households and neighbourhoods. A census of the population of what is now Toronto was taken in 1842, 1848, 1852, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911 and 1921. Depending on the year, a census return may hold not only the names and ages of family members, but a great deal of additional information that will help you flesh out the lives of your ancestors – street address, exact date and place of birth, year of immigration, occupation, religion, income, type of dwelling and more. And Toronto censuses are now easier than ever to access, because all of the surviving records for those years have been digitized and indexed and are available free of charge online. For a detailed guide to Toronto censuses and where to find them, visit our Census Records page. And if you’ve consulted our Census Records page in the past, be sure to check it out again – we’ve added more references and direct links to make your Toronto census research even more convenient!